Italy is always one of the top places to visit for tourists in Europe as there are many new experiences one can have in Italy things to do. The attraction is great. From the amazing landscapes, with heavy history imprints all over the places, to the great architecture, amazing gardens, cuisine, wine industry and culture, Italy offers a pleasing experience to a variety of tastes.
The culture and cuisine are similar throughout Italy with few differences, therefore we will talk about them briefly in a special section.
However, the focus of the article will be on Visit Rome, trying to give a true but short insight into the places you must see while visiting the city. The places to go in Rome are so many that you must choose what you really want to focus your visit on. Hope that this article will help you decide what to see in Rome as it will discuss the tourist attractions in Rome as well as some of the most beautiful places in Rome. There are so many interesting places in Rome, so if you are time constrain this article will help you plan your adventure.
Visiting Italy And The Main Attractions
Whether you live in Europe or just visiting the continent, one place that you must visit is indeed Italy. In countries like Italy, things to do are so many and varied.
This nation has a lot of background and culture and they were individuals who recognised today bulk of the things people enjoy. Researching this nation will take way over a week to do. This is since there are plenty of cities to select from so it’s best to plan the itinerary way ahead.
Those that wish to see the centre of the Catholic Church and the works of Michelangelo should visit Rome. Remnants of the Rome Empire could be seen from the Colosseum whilst the Pantheon is a vital landmark.
Florence is a must stop, especially for those who love art, culture and architecture. There are 3 big palaces to check out while in Italy and these are Palazzo Medici Riccardi, the Palazzo Strozzi and the Palazzo Vecchio.
If there is time, other significant landmarks to have a photo taken are the Campanile di Giotto, the Piazza Della Signoria, the Teatro Comunale, the arched Ponte Vecchio Bridge, and the world-famous Duomo/Santa Maria del Fiore which is better known as the Cathedral of Florence. The Cathedral is the third-largest in the world, after St Peter Basilica in Rome and St Paul Cathedral in London.
Another spot to visit is the city of Venice. This is the only place on the planet where the style of travel is by boat. The visitors can use boat transportation to pass the Grand Canal which is 3.8 kilometres long and up to 70 meters wide.
On the way, you can see buildings like the baroque church of Santa Maria Della Salute, the Accademia Gallery, the Ca’d’Oro (Palazzo Santa Sofia) and Palazzo Grassi, Corner Spinelli and the Grimani Palaces.
The tourists will be capable to enjoy the scenery and be enchanted by the songs which are sung by the shipmaster while going throughout the passageways and crossing bridges like the Accademia, Rialto and the Scalzi. The most famous of those is the Rialto which has stores on either side for clients to purchase souvenirs and bring home.
The tourists should absolutely have a look at the Piazza San Marco in which a few meters away, lies the Basilica of San Marco and the Doge’s Palace.
Some meters away from the building it is the bridge of sighs that connects the building to the judicial office and the prison.
Those who are thinking of visiting Italy should book a hotel at least a month ahead. It will be challenging to get one anyplace as the peak season keeps these places packed during July and August which are the most popular months as the weather is at best peak.
The arrangements could be done manually, but it’s best to ask the travel agent for help so nothing is missed throughout the planning stages.
Visit Rome to see how history shaped the city as it is today. Some of the imprints of the war and changes could be seen even today as Italy works great for its preservation of the past, showing off the Empire’s past strength and power.
With today technology and easy access to the internet you can check out websites that supply fast details and facts relating to this renowned location with its history and the most crucial events of the nation detailed together with associated historical events that arranged in chronological, or date, order supplying a genuine sequence of events. There are timelines of the Ancient Rome that provide fast information that highlights the key dates and events of Rome in a fast info format with concise and also accurate facts and also info in the order of their occurrence.
Therefore it is handy to check out the short version of Historic Rome so it will help you great in understanding better the place when you are visiting it. However, if you are not very interested in researching beforehand there is no problem at all as all the historic places have information panels on the sites that explain about it and what you are looking at.
Also, the next section is about some interesting facts about the city, just to give you a small taste about its amazing history.
Interesting Facts About Rome
Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Rome legend says Romulus had a twin brother, Remus. In the region which became Rome, they were abandoned as infants. A she-wolf found them and raised them but when they grew up Romulus fought and killed Remus becoming the first ruler of Rome!
The inhabitants of the city in 2017 were about 2.8 million. The whole metropolitan area of Rome has an estimated 4.3 million people. By the early 4th century, the Romans had built a street network of 53, 000 miles through the empire. Each Ancient Rome mile was about 1, 000 paces and was marked by a milestone.
The proverb ‘All roads lead to Rome’ is very interesting and you understand it clearly if you are driving to and from the city. Going into the city is so easy and clearly marked from everywhere, but going out of the city is a nightmare as it is very confusing and finding it hard to find the exit. It is like all the roads lead to Rome and then you are captured inside it. However, nowadays, with the help of GPS, the navigation on cities streets are very easy.
The word palace stems from the Palatine Hill, where Augustus created the convention of constructing their palaces.
Each and every night in the Trevi Fountain approximately 3000 Euros are swept up from the basin’s bottom. The money is given to Caritas, a charity, that uses the money to offer services for families in Rome. Tourists have a habit of throwing money over their heads and into the fountain while they are making a wish. While in Rome visit places like this as is the centre of tourism.
Modern Rome has over 900 churches and 280 fountains.
In Ancient Rome only free-born Ancient Rome men were allowed to wear togas which were an indication of Ancient Rome citizenship. Stolas, which have been a toga variation, was worn by the Rome women.
Rome is situated at the Tyrrhenian Sea and is 336 m over sea level.
Rome is called Caput Mundi; the name is coming from the Latin meaning capital of the world. It is also known as the Eternal City.
Rome’s mascot is a she-wolf that cared for the brothers Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
Trajan’s Column in Rome is 30m high and depicts detailed scenes from the Dacian campaign. The sculptural frieze that wraps the pillar is about approximately 655 legs in length.
Rome became the capital town of a united Italy in 1870 after taking this title in Florence.
Concrete was an Ancient Rome invention used on many structures like the Pantheon, the Colosseum and the Ancient Rome Forum, that are still standing today thanks to this growth of Ancient Rome cement and concrete. The Romans were first to start building with concrete and used it through the Mediterranean basin in everything they built: from aqueducts and buildings to bridges and monuments.
SPQR stands for Senatus Populusque Romanus and means senate and the people of Rome. The symbol is still seen all over this town today.
When the Ancient Rome Empire reached its territorial peak in 117 AD it spanned 2.5 million sq miles.
The Greeks thought that whenever non-Greeks spoke, they were murmuring words that sounded like an indeterminate Barbar, which led to this Ancient Rome word barbarian.
There is a law in Rome that makes it possible for cats to live without interruption in the place where they were born.
Rome has Seven Hills:
- Aventine Hill is the perfect place to have a wonderful view of St Peter Basilica
- Caelian Hill is a wealthy residential area and you can go there to visit The famous Baths of Caracalla.
- Capitoline Hill hosts the Roman government headquarters.
- Esquiline Hill where Nero built his Golden House.
- Palatine Hill is the archaeological site where legend says Romulus and Remus (the founders of Rome) were born.
- Quirinal Hill hosts the Residential Palace of the President of Italy.
- Viminal Hill is the smallest of all seven and hosts the National Roman Museum and the Baths of Diocletian.
Rome Architecture And Their Usage
Like art along with other aspects of Ancient Rome culture, early Ancient Rome architecture borrowed heavily from Greek architecture. The Romans were inspiring and adapted other nation’s structure to their own fashions.
Ancient Rome structure is noted for several numerous reasons, including Arches, Domes, Aqueducts, Amphitheaters, Spas, Temples, Apartment Blocks and Houses.
Possibly the most crucial additions which the Romans brought into the structure are the arch, this was originally made by the Etruscans. Using the concept of the arch, bricks, and concrete, Rome managed to provide water with many of its citizens. Aqueducts were constructed throughout Rome; the constructions bring water to areas away from water supplies.
The arch rapidly led to the dome ceilings utilised in several homes and buildings since domed and arched structures could share the weight. The concept was being used via the city and around the globe. The Romans used marble and brick to mark many of their own buildings.
The Ancient Rome amphitheatre is a good example of a distinctive Ancient Rome structure. These buildings have been used for gladiator fights and chariot races.
Approximately 230 amphitheatres existed throughout Rome, and some might hold as much as 60, 000 spectators.
The amphitheatres were shaped like ovals. Some had over one degree of seating, and several looked somewhat comparable to a present-day football stadium.
The largest amphitheatre in the world is located in Rome – the Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. The amphitheatres were normally shaped as circular or oval.
The Rome Forum is another great structure which was made of stone and has been shaped like a rectangle. This arrangement served as a kind of Town Square and has been used for trials, public speeches, and elections.
Another construction where many Romans spent time every day has been known as that the Thermae, or the bathhouse. Used for socialising, bathing, silently representing, and even gossiping, these buildings were located in every town. Most would have at least 3 rooms, one each for hot baths, warm baths, and also cold baths.
At the centre of the whole complex stood an open yard, also known as that the atrium, where the Romans could exercise, wrestle, or simply sit and think.
Each Thermae also contained various gardens along with other rooms.
Ancient Rome temples provide another look at their sophisticated architecture. Many of those buildings likely survived longer due to the religious and spiritual connections which citizens felt. While many important Greek constructions from that time can have looked comparable from various angles, Ancient Rome temples, among other structures, had a defined front, which included much more details than the rest of the building.
A lot of the temples utilised the columns seen in Greek structures. The front of the structure, however, would normally contain some form of tribute to the temples particular god or goddess.
Rome contained many buildings which were comparable to today’s apartment complexes.
Italian Food Culture, Feasts And The Lakes Region
Authentic Recipes are essentials of classic Italian cooking. They come from the house passed down from generation to generation and cooking is based on seasonality, climate, tradition and a few products of the areas of origin. They rely heavily on fresh seasonal produce, such as mushroom in autumn and artichokes in spring. The fresh vegetables can be found daily in the local markets, freshly picked from the nearby countryside.
Genuine Italian food, due to its popular origins, can be house-made rather easily, however, this is the point: they need to be ready with quality ingredients, which frequently can’t be found in grocery stores or in common restaurants. The genuine dishes are heavily seasoned with rosemary, sage, bay leaves, garlic and onion.
Unless there is a sign saying ‘aqua non-potable’ you are safe drinking water from the numerous water drinking fountains throughout the city.
Coffee is one of the most important beverages in Roman life. Some might even say that is more important than wine. So, do not miss trying out different varieties.
Italian culture is celebrated multiple times during the calendar year. These celebrations include festivals, vacations, and feasts, a lot of which are observed in the rest of the world but few of which are distinctive to Italy.
A few of those vacations are when saints are celebrated such as San Giovanni Battista, which celebrates the patron saint of Firenze. Also, San Rosalia and San Petronio are samples of some holidays distinctive only to Italy.
An example of feasts that are celebrated throughout the world is when Saint Januarius Napoli’s patron saint is celebrated on September the 19th.
Italy also celebrates Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Mardi Gras or Fat Tuesday, in addition to Easter also called Pasqua.
Some of those holidays are celebrated with elaborate vacations.
The Lakes are regarded as a spot to go for these celebrations because of their beauty and the quantity of entertainment offered. Many celebrities consider it a spot while some Americans are not knowledgeable about them.
The lake’s popularity has grown ever since stars have been seen vacationing in the lakes district. Italian lakes holidays are a few of the most calming and culture-filled places to visit. So if the time permits, it is totally worth to have a couple of days there, in a heavenly retreat.
With plenty to do, including purchasing, sightseeing, trekking, in addition to drinking and eating plenty of food and drinking local wine, who wouldn’t need to celebrate holidays with the lakes as the destination?
The vast majority of the holidays in the Lakes region revolve around food. If you are in Italy, the food will be tasty and there will be a lot of it.
Nevertheless, if you’re there during a holiday celebration, there’ll be feasts and banquets of amazing dishes, many of which are prepared especially for that celebration.
Religious holidays, like Christmas and Easter, have special kitchens and traditions that have been handed down from one generation to another.
Another excellent part of about celebrating vacations in Italy is all the incredible parades and parties held throughout the celebration.
Liberation Day and the Italian National Day is another couple of holidays when Italians celebrate their patriotism.
Frequently, on times there will be parades on boats, like in Venice, where these parades and parties add to the distinctive culture and variety of Italy. Italian lakes holidays are a number of the best types of holidays, regardless if you’re celebrating a specific holiday or only on a calming vacation.
For more free info related to Italian Lakes Holidays, please visit Italian Lakes. The web site includes travel tips, details about each lake, Italian culture info, Italian people, villa rental info, and more!.
Places you must see while in Rome
The Places to visit in Rome are numerous and there are many things to do in Rome for free, as well as there are many free attractions in Rome. Most of them are listed below.
1. The Vatican with the Sistine Chapel. The Vatican, the smallest state in the world, covers 43 ha and it’s the site where St Peter was martyred and buried. it is the place were the Pope, head of the Catholic Church resides. Visit the Vatican museum to explore its collections and Rafael’s Room.
2. Castel Sant’ Angelo, known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian is a fortress situated at short walking distance from the Vatican City, on the right bank of Tiber.
3. Piazza Navona was built on top of an ancient stadium in the 17th century and it is one of the largest and most beautiful baroque piazzas.
4. Pantheon has been a temple to ‘all the gods’ since AD 27 and is one of the most preserved ancient buildings.
5. Piazza Venezia is the central hub of Rome, located at the foot of the Capitoline Hill and is the square where 4 city major roads meet. It is very close to major tourist attractions such as the Hill mentioned earlier and the Roman Forum.
6. Forum of Augusto and Forum of Caesar
7. Roman Forum with its star sights of House of the Vestal Virgins and Basilica of Constantine
8. Bocca Della Verita (Mouth Of Truth) is Rome’s first port.
9. Visit Rome Colosseum, the greatest amphitheatre, custom-built by Emperor Vespasian in AD 72
10. Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch, located between Coliseum and the Palatine Hill.
11. The Palatine Hill and The Capitoline Hill are two of the most important and visited of all Seven Hills of Rome. The Palatine Hill stands 40 m above the Roman Forum and is part of the main archaeological area. The Capitoline Hill was designed by Michelangelo and is the location of city hall.
12. Plazza di Spagna and the Spanish Steps beautifully decorated with azaleas must be on your list as they are truly unforgettable.
13. Trevi Fountain, in Piazza di Trevi, is Rome’s largest and most famous fountain. It was completed in 1762.
14. Porta Maggiore is a well preserved ancient eastern gate and it is the best place to go if you want to understand the ancient aqueducts.
15. Trajan’s Forum and Markets – the Forum was built by Trajan starting with AD 107 to commemorate his conquest of Dacia (current Romania).
16. Aventine Hill, another of the Seven Hills of Rome is the greenest part of the city and its perfect to be visited for an afternoon stroll. The alee with pine and orange trees and with the sight St Peter’s dome in the distant background in the Aventine’s Parco Savelli (The Orange Trees Garden) gives you an unforgettable experience.
17. Ostia Antica is 30 minutes away by train and is one of Rome’s ancient ports at the mouth of the Tiber. Take some time to explore the stone streets and ruins of baths and homes.
During your Rome visit, you can opt for the free things to do in Rome first, especially if you want to visit Rome in 3 days. After which you can visit the rest of the Rome places to visit, which are accessed with a fee, based on your preferences.
The best option to visit the places is by walking, as you will also have the opportunity to admire architectural masterpieces of virtually every age. However, if you think there is too much to cover on foot then you can take advantage of their great transport system, via buses or metro, stopping only at your desired places. Also, do not forget to consider the bus tours, which can not only take you from place to place but also give you a narrated history along the way.
One might say that all the things to do in Rome Italy and places to be seen listed are just too much to make it possible to be seen in a single weekend.
The answer is yes and no.
Yes, it is not possible to achieve that in one weekend if you want to see every place in full depth, such as visit each museum, each church, etc.
No, it is not too much if you are interested in a weekend gateway exploring Rome at a glance and sightseeing, focusing on free Rome attractions. You can choose to visit one or two museums briefly and to spend the rest of the time wandering around the beautiful ancient streets.
Rome is a place that you will always want to return, a place where you always discover something new, even though it’s old and it’s been there previous time as well. It is just a city you will always enjoy to be in.
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Until next time
Oana & Paula